Culture shock is normal.
It’s also not as shocking or as sudden as most people expect.
It is part of the process of learning a new culture that is called “cultural adaptation.”
may experience some discomfort before you are able to function well in a new setting.
This discomfort is the “culture shock” stage of the adaptation process. The main thing to
remember is that this is a very normal process that nearly everyone goes through.
Just as you will bring with you to the United States clothes and other personal items, you
will also carry invisible “cultural baggage” when you travel. That baggage is not as obvious
as the items in your suitcase, but it will play a major role in your adaptation abroad.
Cultural baggage contains the values that are important to you and the patterns of behavior
that are customary in your culture. The more you know about your personal values and how
they are derived from your culture, the better prepared you will be to see and understand
the cultural differenced you will encounter abroad.
What to expect:
Some surprises always await you when you arrive in a new place. People may walk and talk more quickly, traffic patterns may be confusing – such differences are easy to see and quickly learned.
Study abroad means making big changes in your daily life. Generations of students have found that they go through a predictable series of stages as they adjust to living abroad. At first, most students find their new situation exhilarating—new sights, sounds, and activities. The initial period seems like an adventure. You will tend to look for and identify similarities between your home culture and your host culture.
Gradually, as you become more involved in activities and get to know the people around you, differences, rather than similarities, will become increasingly apparent to you. Those differences may begin to seem more irritating than interesting. Small incidents and difficulties may make you anxious and concerned about how best to carry on with academic and social life. As these differences emerge, they can be troubling and sometimes shocking.
For many, this gradual process culminates in an emotional state known as “culture shock,” although it is seldom as dramatic as the term applies. The common symptoms of culture shock are:
- Extreme homesickness
- Desire to avoid social settings
- Physical complaints and sleep disturbances
- Depression and feelings of helplessness
- Difficulty with coursework and concentration
- Loss of your sense of humor
- Boredom or fatigue
- Hostility towards the host culture
How to cope with culture shock?
The most effective way to combat culture shock is to step back from a given event that has bothered you, assess it, and search for an appropriate explanation and response.
Try the following:
- Observe how others are acting in the same situation
- Describe the situation, what it means to you, and your response to it
- Ask a local resident or someone with extensive experience how they would have
handled the situation and what it means in the host culture.
- Test the new behavior and evaluate how well it works
- Decide how you can apply what you have learned the next time you find yourself in a similar situation
Through out the period of cultural adaptation, take good care of yourself. Read a book or rent a video in your home language, take a short trip if possible, exercise and get plenty of rest, write a letter or telephone home, eat good food and do the things you enjoy with friends.
Although it can be disconcerting and a little scary, the shock gradually eases as you begin to understand the new culture. It is useful to realize that often the reactions and perceptions of others toward you—and you toward them—are not personal evaluations, but are based on a clash of cultural values. The more skilled you become in recognizing how and when cultural values and behaviors are likely to come in conflict, the easier it becomes to make adjustments that can help you avoid serious difficulties.
Will I lose my own culture?
Sometimes students worry about losing their culture if they become too well-adapted to the host culture. Don’t worry—it is virtually impossible to lose the culture in which you were raised. In fact, learning about the new culture often increases your appreciation for and understanding of your own culture. So don’t resist the opportunity to become bicultural, able to function competently in two cultural environments. Just as culture shock derives from accumulation of cultural clashes, so an accumulation of small successes can lead to more effective interactions within the new culture. As you increase your abilities to manage and understand the new social system, practices that recently seemed so strange will become less puzzling. Eventually you will adapt sufficiently to do your best in your studies and social life and to relax and fully enjoy the experience.